Most people participate in a sport, whether it is hitting the gym after work or playing for fun in their backyard. Exercising while playing a sport is very beneficial to your health. However, sometimes injuries can happen, no matter how hard we try to prevent them. The severity of an injury can range from minor to serious and may even require surgery to fully heal. Some causes of sports injuries include:
Poor training practices
Improper equipment function
Failure to warm up and stretch before activity
Read on to learn more about the most common injuries that can occur from playing sports or working out.
Strains and Sprains
Strains and sprains are the most common type of sports injury, and can happen in just about any type of physical activity. A sprain occurs when a ligament (band of connective tissue that attaches bones to other bones) tears or stretches too much. A sprain is most common in wrists, ankles, or knees. A strain is also known as a pulled muscle, and occurs when the fibers within a muscle or tendon stretch too far or tear.
A dislocation happens when a force pushes the bones in a joint out of alignment. High contact sports such as football or an activity such as excessive stretching or falling can cause dislocations. A dislocation will usually require medical treatment and are treated as an emergency. Although the dislocated bone may be able to be put back in place, the connective tissue surrounding the joint may have sustained damage. The most common joints that are dislocated are the fingers and hand, and the shoulder. Elbows, knees, and hips can be dislocated, but are a less common injury.
Fractures are also commonly known as a broken bone, and are a fairly common sports injury. Some fractures are significant and classified as emergencies, and may even require surgery to completely repair. A stress fracture occurs most of the time in the legs or feet from sports that cause repetitive impact, such a running or jumping.
Did you know that every year over five million people visit orthopedic surgeons for knee related injuries and problems? Mild knee injuries include iliotibial band syndrome, runner’s knee, or tendonitis. Severe knee injuries can involve damage or bruising to cartilage or ligaments. The four major ligaments in the knee that are commonly injured are the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the medial collateral ligament (MCL), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and the lateral collateral ligament (LCL).
Shenandoah Valley Orthopedics and Sports Medicine of Fishersville, VA are here to diagnose, treat and rehabilitate any sports related injury you may have endured. If you have sustained a sports related injury and need expert medical advice, please contact us 540.932.5850 or request an appointment online.